The UK has low levels of proven electoral fraud. There is no evidence of large-scale electoral fraud in 2022. Most cases (93%) resulted in the police taking no further action or were locally resolved through words of advice to those involved. 

Cases where the suspect was convicted

A conviction for voting more than once in the same electoral area

The Metropolitan Police received a report from Barnet Council’s Electoral Services Team that a man had voted from three different addresses in the London Borough of Barnet in the 2022 local elections. On 9 August 2023, he stood trial at the Magistrates’ Court where he pleaded guilty to two offences of voting at a local government election more than once in the same constituency or electoral area. The court fined him £3,177.60. 

A conviction for publishing a false statement of fact about a candidate’s personal character or conduct and for failing to include an imprint on a leaflet

The Metropolitan Police received a report from an independent candidate at the local elections in Bromley in 2022. The candidate informed the police that hate posters about her had been distributed in her local area. A supporter of the candidate also provided details of a vehicle said to be involved in the distribution. This led the police to the suspect who admitted to the production and distribution of the leaflets in interview under caution. 
He pleaded guilty to publishing a false statement of fact about the personal character or conduct of the candidate and for failing to include an imprint on the leaflets identifying himself as the printer/publisher. On 5 June 2023, he was:
•    Fined £800 (£400 for each offence)
•    Given an £80 surcharge
•    Ordered to pay £1,825 in costs


A total of 13 cases of alleged personation fraud were recorded by police forces in 2022. 

The offence of personation involves someone pretending to be someone else so they can use that person’s vote. This can happen at a polling station, with a postal vote, or a proxy vote (where a voter has appointed someone else to cast their vote for them).

Just over half of those cases (7) involved allegations of personation in polling stations. All those cases resulted in the police taking no further action because there was no evidence or insufficient evidence.

This table shows the number of personation allegations and their outcomes.

Personation typeNumber of allegationsOutcome type and number
Polling station7No further action: 7

No further action: 2

Conviction: 1


No further action: 2

Locally resolved: 1


Election Petitions

An election petition is a legal challenge to the result of an election.

There was one petition following elections held in 2022.

Aston Ward of Birmingham City Council

The petition claimed that the two successful Liberal Democrat candidates at the May 2022 election in the ward had made false allegations that one of the Labour candidates had bribed voters with packets of dates. The petition asked the court to void the outcome of the election. However, the Liberal Democrat candidates submitted doorbell video footage as evidence. This showed the Labour candidate and his supporters giving voters packets of dates with Labour stickers on them. Given this evidence, the Labour candidate applied to the court to withdraw the petition which the court granted.